Manhattan resident Vivian Talambiras Cruz signs the pubic book of condolence as Amelia Barretto and a Philippine consulate employee look on.
Corazon C. Aquino
January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009
11th President of the Republic of the Philippines
February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992
Maria Corazon "Cory" Cojuangco Aquino became the 11th President of the Republic of the
Philippines, following the peaceful 1986 People Power Revolution that astonished the world.
Aquino was married to Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., a leading figure in the political
opposition against the autocratic rule of President Ferdinand Marcos, who was assassinated upon
his return from exile on 21 August 1983. Having had no prior political experience, Mrs. Aquino
nevertheless became the focal point around which the fractured political opposition finally unified.
She was the lone candidate against Marcos during the 1986 snap presidential elections.
Soon after Marcos’ proclamation as victor, despite widespread reports of electoral fraud,
then Minister of National Defense Juan Ponce Enrile and Armed Forces of the Philippines Vice
Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Fidel Ramos, set in motion a long-planned coup against Marcos. The
charismatic Archbishop of Manila, Jaime Cardinal Sin exhorted the predominantly Catholic
populace to mass along EDSA (the main thoroughfare between Camps Aguinaldo and Crame) to
support the rebel soldiers. Over the next four days almost 2 million unarmed civilians poured into
the streets, heeding the call of Cardinal Sin. People the world over were amazed to see unarmed
priests, nuns and ordinary men, women and children forming human chains, blockading loyalist
military squadrons, preventing them from reaching the rebel soldiers at the Camps. They answered
guns and tanks with prayers and flowers... succeeding in what became known as the 1986 EDSA
People Power Revolution.
Corazon Aquino was proclaimed the 11th President of the Philippines on the 25th of
February 1986, Asia’s first female head of state. After completing her term in 1992, she continued
to be an advocate of democracy, peace, women's empowerment, and religious piety.
Aquino died of cardiopulmonary arrest after complications of colon cancer at the age of 76
on August 1, 2009.